The subfamily CHARAXINAE
The subfamily Charaxinae comprises 395 species according to the latest version of the Classification of Nymphalidae. These species are placed into 19 genera and 6 tribes. The charaxines are well-known for their extremely powerful flight. They are usually associated with Nymphalinae, but current molecular work suggests that they are more related to the satyrines. The phylogenetic relationships have not been studied in much detail.
Key publications for Charaxinae systematics:
- Rydon, A. H. B. 1971. The systematics of the Charaxidae (Lepidoptera: Nymphaloidea). Entomologists Record 83: 219-233, 283-287, 310-316, 336-341, 384-388.
- Smiles, R. L. 1982. The taxonomy and phylogeny of the genus Polyura Billberg (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae). Bulletin of the British Museum of Natural History (Entomology) 44: 115-237.
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